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2013年考研英语之阅读和写作的有效训练  

2012-11-07 08:24:58|  分类: 【新东方课堂】 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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[来源:新东方 作者:赵晓栋]

 

      从阅读角度来说,一定要注重真题的解读和解题规律和技巧的提炼。理解题目的考试类型和考察要求,进而寻求解决方法。例如:Everybody loves a fat pay rise. Yet pleasure at your own can vanish if you learn that a colleague has been given a bigger one. Indeed, if he has a reputation for slacking, you might even be outraged. Such behavior is regarded as "all too human" with the underlying assumption that other animals would not be capable of this finely developed sense of grievance. But a study by Sarah Brosnan and Frans de Waal of Emory University in Atlanta, Georgia, which has just been published in Nature, suggests that it is all too monkey, as well.

 

      The statement "it is all too monkey" (Last line, Paragraph l) implies that ________.
      [A] monkeys are also outraged by slack rivals
      [B] resenting unfairness is also monkeys' nature
      [C] monkeys, like humans, tend to be jealous of each other
      [D] no animals other than monkeys can develop such emotions

 

      [解析]此题目考察三种基本阅读能力:第一是考察同义替换,as well= too= also;第二是考察it指代词的还原,根据it在原文中为“单数、主语和名词”这三种特性,所以往前找,与其相同的“单数、主语、名词”的为such behavior;第三是考察such behavior的承上启下作用,指代前面提到的outraged。所以,根据这三种考察能力,我们可以首先排除选项C、D,然后选项A只说了半截意思,没有把话说完整,也就是说根据文章,猴子和人一样,愤怒的原因需要有两个基本条件构:第一是同伴被给的多,第二是同伴懒惰,两个条件缺一不可。因为,如果被给的多但是勤奋或者被给的少并且懒惰都不会导致愤怒。所以,答案只能选择B,因不公而发火也是猴之常情。上述三种能力是考研英语必考的三种能力,所以大家要重点关注。
 
      从写作的角度来看,所有工作只为一个目的服务:形成属于自己的作文模版。任何人写文章都会有属于自己的特有模版,大多数人考试写作都是将平时积累好的模版和具体素材灵活运用,最终构成一篇令自己满意的文章。多年来的“八股文”考试为我们应试写作打上了深深烙印。例如,我们都知道,作文一般分为三段,开头往往需要开门见山,最后一段要做到首尾呼应。对于作文写作规范性问题,以下几点建议希望对大家的写作有所帮助。


      1、尽量减少人化主语的使用,改用物化主语或者it句型。例如we should advocate the low-carbon life because we can have a good physical health.可以改为 it is better to advocate the low-carbon life because such kind of life is beneficial to people's physical health.

 

      2、小作文简单使用,大作文句句见功底。很多考生认为小作文也需要用极其复杂的词汇和长难句,其实大家忽略一个问题,书信的本质是传达信息,因此简单实用将更有助于信息的传达。小作文只要做到开门见山说明写作意图,中间要点齐全,不犯大的语法错误,注重一下书写,6分作文还是比较轻而易举能够获得的。对于大作文来说,除了按照提纲要求写作之外,必须句句见功底,而且一定要做到引导阅卷人读文章,句句与中心思想词不可分割。例如在写以“诚信”为主题的文章中,首先 Among the many shaping factors, I would single out the bedrock of success and vital quality of Chinese traditional virtue: integrity. 提出谈论主题。Thanks to this kind of virtue the trust among people would be built up, which made people deepen mutual trust and promote intercommunication; thanks to this kind of virtue China can be well known by the fame of "Integrity Nation" in this world and due to this reason an increasing number of countries prefer to establish diplomatic relations with China, which enhances the China's good reputation and boosts its sustainable economic development. 用两个排比句体现诚信重要性,加深相互信任推动相互交流,并且有助中国与其他国家外交关系的建立,推动中国经济的进一步发展。 On the other hand, certainly, it is not difficult to imagine the necessary consequence without integrity: the severity of trust crisis, the turbulence of social environment and the fading of dignity. 最后采取正反对比手法,从反方面阐述如果没有诚信,后果将会是诚信危机严重,社会动荡并且尊严消失。整篇文章结构严谨,句式多变,措辞得当,论证有力。

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